Our focus here at Pearson Fuels seems to be on our range of different coals and we think that it is time that we shed some light on the other products that we sell too. After all, not everybody uses coal as a source of fuel! Here is the lowdown on firewood…

Background Information

A very obscure fact about firewood is that the heat that is created is actually the energy of the sun itself, which is the ultimate source of all energy on the planet. During photosynthesis, trees store solar energy as a form of chemical energy which we then use for heat when burning the firewood. In a logical sense, burning wood is technically reversing the process of photosynthesis- however, unlike burning fossil fuels, no harmful gases are produced or released into the environment.

Seasoned Wood

Every single piece of firewood contains water. In fact, the statistics show that freshly cut wood will contain around 45% water whilst seasoned firewood has a moisture contents of 20-25%. Seasoning firewood means that it is easier to set alight, produces more heat and burns much cleaner.

Storing Firewood

Unfortunately, even well-seasoned firewood can be spoiled by incorrect or lousy storage. If your firewood is constantly exposed to rain or snow, it will keep absorbing water. This means it will either be unfit to burn or rot before it is able to be used. All firewood should be stored as far off the ground as possible and kept away from moisture.

If coal isn’t really your forte when it comes to fire fuels, check out our range of imported firewood! Where we source our imported firewood from is very close to our hearts and due to our interest in green growth, we have our firewood imported from Latvia. As the best of the best when it comes to smokeless coal, get in contact today to find out more about our firewood!

Coal is a material that holds tremendous value in society as we all collectively rely on it so much. It has been used for hundreds upon hundreds of years in a range of different industries and it is safe to say that everything that has ever been built would crumble if coal was to vanish overnight. Here is the lowdown on all things coal related…

A Fossil? A Mineral? A Rock?

Coal is an organic material which means that it defies the normal standards that help us classify rocks, minerals and fossil. A fossil is evidence of a previous life that has been preserved in rocks. Coalification, the process that created coal, saw plant remains be compressed for millions of years under extreme pressure. Although it is not accurate to say that coal is the result of these plant remains being preserved, coal is very well known as a fossil fuel. A mineral is an inorganic solid which has occurred naturally and while coal has been made by nature, its creation is from organic plant matter. And finally, rocks are made from minerals, which coal is simply not. From a geologists point of view, coal is known as an organic sedimentary rock.

Coal Grades

This doesn’t mean that coal will be graded on its performance in a maths test, it means that coal is generally separated into three main types known as grades. Grade one, Lignite, is a brown soft coal that is created when peat is squeezed and heated. During this process, hydrocarbons are released and these hydrocarbons tend to roam. Eventually they will become something known as petroleum. If we add more heat and pressure to ignite, more hydrocarbons are released and eventually it will become a higher grade coal- known as bituminous coal. This type of coal is black, hard and usually has a glossy appearance. Again, if we continue to add further heat and pressure, we will form the highest grade of coal known as anthracite. During this process, the coal releases methane into the atmosphere. Anthracite, which has a shiny black appearance and is hard to the touch, is almost pure carbon and will burn at high temperatures but produce very little smoke.

Interestingly, if we continue to subject anthracite coal to more heat and pressure, it will become a metamorphic rock and when  it crystalizes into a true mineral, we will be left with graphite. Commonly known for its use in pencils, this slippery material is still able to burn but is advantages lay as a lubricant in writing utensils.

It’s to be expected that we are the experts when it comes to everything that is related to coal. Here at Pearson Fuels, we like to consider ourselves the best coal merchants around- however we’d love to hear the opinion of our readers too! Get in contact today to speak to a member of the team and find out more about the services we offer!

In the UK, coal mining dates all the way back to the Roman times and occurred in different areas of the country. Unfortunately the coal mining industry in Britain collapsed after 1970, however twenty-six mines are still open. Here at Pearson Fuels, we’re going to give you the lowdown of coal mining in the United Kingdom…

History

Stone axes covered in coal have been discovered, showing that Britain was already mining before Rome invaded. In early  mining, the coal which was first extracted was already exposed and followed seams under the ground. It is thought that the Romans used outcropping coal.

Industrial Revolution

In the 19th century, it is no secret that coal mining increased as the industrial revolution took wind. This was because coal was required in order to power many appliances including steam engines and homes.

Decline

The production of coal in the UK peaked in 1913 and remained high for the next 50 years until the 1960’s where coal was the main source of energy used however in the 1960’s, roughly 100 coal mines were closed, including the largest coal pit. These closures caused coal production to decrease to the lowest rate recorded in over a century.

Here at Pearson Fuels, we look after our own which is why we’ve dedicated a blog to coal mining in the UK. If you’re looking for the best coal merchants around, get in contact with Pearson Fuels and we’ll take care of all your coal needs too!