Due to more stringent laws put in place by the DEFRA (Department for the Environment, Food and Rural Areas) about the use of smoky coals used in residential areas, the need to make the change to smokeless coals may be a necessary switch.


Rising costs in gas and electricity means more people than ever are making the shift to coals to heat their homes using open fires and coal burners, but strict rules are in place to make sure that residential areas are keeping levels of emissions at a minimum to protect the health and welfare of residents. Smokeless fuel zones are now in place all over the U.K. To find out if your home is included in one of these zones you can check online on the government website under the category DEFRA.


So what can we do to reduce these emissions? The answer is to change your usual house coals for smokeless coals. Smokeless coals emit 80% less smoke than the more common house coals as well as producing up to 40% less carbon dioxide. As well as being better for the environment these coals also help prevent health issues caused by coal smoke.


Although more expensive than regular household coal they burn at a consistently higher heat and can have up to a 40% longer burn time. This means the bags of smokeless coal will last you longer, even saving you money in the long run.


Smokeless coal has been consistently improving since the implementation of smokeless fuel zones, and further investment into the industry means that it can only improve further; making them even safer for the environment and residents as well as improving costs to consumers.


If you live in a smokeless fuel zone and own a coal burner and feel that a change to smokeless coal may be necessary for you, Pearson Fuels are coal merchants that provide smokeless coal at competitive prices that is suitable for different appliances.

Coal is a type of fossil fuel that has undergone a process known as coalification in order to become the material we know and recognise today. This process was a slow one and took hundreds of thousands of years which means that our supply of it is very limited. Though it is easy for people to recognise a piece of coal when it is presented to them, not many are able to define it by its characteristics. In part 2 of this two part blog series, we’re going to take a look at their chemical composition and forms…

Chemical Composition

The primary chemical that is found within coals composition is carbon. Older coals like anthracite and graphite have a higher percentage of carbon whereas it is not uncommon for younger coals like lignite to have trace elements of hydrogen, nitrogen and even oxygen. The amount of carbon found in coal is due to the pressure it was put under during coalification.


The youngest form is known as peat which is a vegetative soil matter. If it was compressed for millions of years, it would become regular coal that is harder. Lignite is the second youngest, with sub-bituminous falling behind in third place. The oldest form of coal is called graphite.

Now you know some valuable knowledge when it comes to identifying the key characteristics of coal, it’s time to get in contact with the professionals here at Pearson Fuels. As the best coal merchants around, there’s no better place to shop for your house coal!

Sometimes you may find that the chimney in your brand new home is beyond use and is even considered dangerous which means that it could be time to invest in a brand new chimney. Contrary to belief, there are actually two different types of chimneys on the market and the team here at Pearson Fuels are going to go over them…

Masonry Chimney

This type of chimney is created using brick, blocks or stone and mortar in order to form a creation that can be a single brick wide or multiple bricks wide. Regardless of this however, a chimney liner is necessary for this type of chimney in order to support it. It is particularly required in order to ensure that the chimney is able to ventilate properly. There are three types available; clay tile, metal and cast in piece; which each have their own unique advantages and disadvantages.

Metal Chimney

Coming in either double or triple walled designs, a metal chimney can actually be enclosed within a masonry chimney, wooden chimney or a side frame if one was looking to adhere to aesthetic qualities. The double wall design involves insulation placed between the walls while the triple wall design allows air to travel between the layers in order to cool a chimney or insulate it. Always consult a manufacturer before installing a metal chimney to ensure it is safe.

Here at Pearson Fuels, we like to believe that we are the best coal merchants around, which is why we decided to put together this blog on the different kinds of chimneys available! For more information, get in contact with a member of the team today!