Although the government is actively searching for a replacement, coal remains the most used fuel for power production in the world. In fact, it contributes to 37% of the power that is generated every single year. Whilst the industrial revolution lead to increased coal consumption in Britain, it is shocking to discover that we don’t even rank in the top 10 for the world’s biggest coal consumers in the world! Read on to find out which countries are burning the fossil fuel like there is no tomorrow…

China

Accounting for half of the world’s total consumption, China currently uses around 3 billion tons of coal every year. In fact, just over 60% of this coal is used in order to supply energy to the Chinese population and the East Asian country is also the biggest importer of coal.

USA

Americas coal consumption was declining on a year-by-year basis for three years from 2010 however 2013 saw a 5% spike due to an increased demand for electricity. Interestingly, the USA ranks second in the top consumers of coal in the world and currently accounts for 13% of global consumption.

India

Once the fifth coal consumer in the world, India now accounts for around 8% of the world’s coal use which has bumped it up the ranks into third place. These supplies are used for just under 70% of India’s electricity generation and the amount of imported coal that India has received has increased noticeably over the past decade.

Japan

With around 3.5% of coal consumption coming from Japan, the country ranks fourth in the world and seems like a measly contributor compared to China, however it is also the second biggest global importer. Japan’s coal is used in order to supply just under 30% of the countries electricity and these levels are said to increase following plans to replace the nuclear power plants with coal.

Coal is one of the most interesting fossil fuels around. After all, it takes 300 million years to make and is limited in its supply. The top 10 highest coal consuming countries currently account for 80% of the world’s coal usage which calls into question how long our resources will last if these figures increase. Here at Pearson Fuels, we are highly educated coal merchants that are able to advise and educate our customers in order to ensure that they aren’t burning an excess amount of coal. To find out more information, get in contact with a member of the team today!

Coal provides 37% of the world’s power and helped pave the way for the industrial revolution. In fact, the use of this simple fossil fuel tripled at the dawn of the 19th century and has only increases as each year passes. Britain has a very personal relationship with coal and its mining industry is incredibly rich. In this blog, the team here at Pearson Fuels have decided to analyse the defining moments in more depth…

Industrial Revolution

Coal was mainly used in the home until the industrial revolution led to the construction of mills, factories and seam powered engines across Britain. As a result, our coal consumption increased by around 500% in just a century. In fact, as the population increased so did the demand for coal and eventually it became more cost effective than wood.

Transportation

Before the railways were built, coal was transported by horses that would pull heavy loads across the country. This all changed in 1825 when the Stockton and Darlington railways were opened and allowed for the mass transportation of coal, thereby securing a nationwide industry. With this said, horses were still used to transport the fossil fuel until the late 19th century.

Coal Mines Act 1842

In the early years of coal mining, it was more cost-effective to employ children as young as 5 to work in the coal mines because they were small and able to squeeze into tight spaces. Despite the uproar that governments would face now, this was common practice for many years until the Coal Mines Act of 1842 prohibited women and girls from working underground and prevented boys under the age of 10 from being employed in coal mines.

Nationalisation

On January 1st 1947, the coal industry was nationalised and the National Coal Board (NCB) began operation. As a result, 980 coal mines across Britain created over 700,000 jobs for workers who were willing to undertake the dirty, and often dangerous, job.

70’s and 80’s Strikes

There were many strikes during the second half of the 20th century, however the most impactful was the UK Miners’ Strike that lasted from 1984 until 1985 as a result of the NCB’s plan to shut down mines across the country, which would see over 20,000 people lose their job. The strike included over 6,000 miners at the end, they were offered extensive redundancy payments.

Experts have predicted that we currently have enough coal supplies across mines in the world to last another 150 years as long as we continue at current levels. Here at Pearson Fuels we believe that there is nothing better than a roaring fire in the middle of winter and our team of experienced coal merchants are more than qualified to assist you with your purchase. To find out more information, get in contact with a member of the Pearson Fuels team today!

Coal is a fossil fuel that developed naturally 300 million years ago during the Carboniferous Period. As a result of this, it is known as a non-renewable source of energy. When people think of coal, they think of the dangers of mining and the industrial revolution however this simple rock has come a long way since the early 1800’s. Read on to find out some of the things we use coal for in 2018…

Power

Every time you turn on a light in your home, coal is how the electricity is supplied. In fact, coal fuelled power plants currently contribute to 37% of the world electricity. The main source of power is through steam coal; it is first turned into a fine powder as this increases its surface area and helps it burn quicker, then it is burned inside the combustion chamber of a boiler in order to generate enough heat so that water can be converted into steam. This high pressure steam passes via a turbine, causing it to rotate rapidly and thus, power a generator that supplies electricity.

Heat

Aside from turning on the heating in your home, coal can also be used in order to generate a fire. Whether you prefer the ambiance of an open flame or like to stick to the safety of a stove, there are dozens of different ways to heat your home using coal. In fact, there is even an environmentally friendly option known as smokeless coal which doesn’t release as many toxic gases into the atmosphere. Without coal, we will not be able to create these idyllic winter scenes.

Steel Production

The entire steel industry is reliant on coal. After all, steel is iron alloy and since it only occurs as iron oxide in the earth, these ores have to be reduced using carbon and we do this with coking coal. This type of coal is converted to coke by removing the impurities from coal in order to create a material that is almost pure carbon with a low sulphur and phosphorous content. This material is used in a blast furnace alongside iron ore and small qualities of minerals like limestone in order to create carbon monoxide. This dangerous gas then reacts with the iron ore, reducing it and adding carbon so it can become a steel alloy.

Whilst it is no secret that the supply of coal will not last forever, experts suggest that we still have enough to continue operating at current levels for another 150 years. Here at Pearson Fuels, we recognise the versatility of coal when it comes to how it can be used and we are proud to supply a wide variety of options for all your heat producing needs! To find out more information about our house coal or smokeless coal, get in contact with the best coal merchants around today!

Since coal is a non-renewable source of energy, it is important that we are actively preparing for a future without its presence. After all, the experts have suggested that we only have enough coal to last another 150 years at current rates. Here at Pearson Fuels, we have been supplying coal for over 35 years which speaks to our credibility and reliability as coal merchants. In this blog, we are going to go over what the future will look like without coal…

Renewable Alternatives

Over the past decade, the government has been introducing renewable energy supplies in order to reduce our consumption of coal. This includes but its not limited to: thermal solar power, wind power, geothermal power and photovoltaic power. In fact, these alternatives have managed to reduce the use of coal in power production from 41% to 37%. However, when the fossil fuel are eventually depleted, these renewable sources will very likely become our main source of energy.

The Steel Industry

Steel is created by reducing iron oxide ore using coking coal. Without coal however, it is entirely probable that we will not be able to make new steel. After all, coal offers the best carbon dioxide content that makes the process efficient. With this said, steel can theoretically be recycled indefinitely which means that we won’t have no steel, we just wouldn’t be able to make any new steel.

Natural Gas

The coal industries biggest competitor is natural gas, a source of power that is said to have less of an impact on the environment. In fact, it has jumped from 20% use to 33% use in just a single decade. As a result, it is likely that natural gas could be the best solution to a future without coal. With this said, it is important to take the methane emissions that come with using natural gas into consideration, as many say this could be just as damaging as the CO2 emissions from coal.

As a whole, we are very reliant on the way that coal allows us to generate power and heat in our homes. This means that it is very important that the government is searching for new and inventive ways to sustain our requirements. Luckily, coal is still available in abundance in 2018 and the team here at Pearson Fuels have a wide variety to choose from! Whether you are stocking up for winter or prefer the aesthetics, get in contact with the best coal merchants around to find out more today!

The coal mining industry has been around since Roman Britain, however there have been several changes since then. In fact, the entire process once relied on the labour of children as young as 5 years old despite being one of the most dangerous employment options of the early 20th century.

As the best suppliers of coal around, the team here at Pearson Fuels have decided to look into the biggest coal mines in the world and find out a little bit of information about them…

North Antelope Rochelle, USA

Located in Wyoming, this North Antelope Rochelle coal mine is the largest coal mine in the world by reserve. It is owned by a company named Peabody Energy and is made up of two separate mines which opened in 1983 and 1985 respectively and in 1999, they were combined. Experts estimate that the mine contains 2.3 billion tonnes of minable coal and it is also thought to produce the cleanest coal.

Hei Dai Gou, China

As an open pit coal mine that is located in the Zhungeer coal field of China, the Hei Dai Gou coal mine is the third largest coal mine in the world by reverse and is estimated to contain around 1.5 billion tonnes of recoverable coal. It is owned by the Shenhau Group and has been operating since 1999. Interestingly, this coal mine was the first to use AC Powered Walking Dragline technology.

Peak Downs, Australia

This Australian coal mine comes in sixth places in the order of largest coal mines by reserve and is estimated to contain around 1 billion tonnes of salvageable coal. In fact, it is one of seven mines that are owned by the BHP Billiton Mitsubishi Alliance and is an open-cut mine that started production back in 1972.

The coal mining industry is one the most successful and profitable industries around. In fact, the government predicts that at the current rate of mining, our supply of coal could last for just under 150 years. After all, it is important to remember that the fossil fuel is a non-renewable source that will eventually run out. As the best coal merchants around, the team here at Pearson Fuels are always on hand to answer any questions or queries you may have! Get in contact today to find out more information!

As one of the most popular fuels on the market, it is important to source your firewood correctly or else you can end up spending a lot of money on something that you cannot even use. Here at Pearson Fuels, we consider ourselves the experts in the industry and in this blog we are going to go over everything you need to know about seasoned firewood…

What is it?

Seasoned firewood is the name that is given to wood that has been chopped, stack and allowed to dry via exposure from the elements for 6-12 months. This lengthy process is what makes seasoned wood different from fresh wood as it helps reduce the water content from 40-50% down to 10-20%, which helps a fire burn more efficiently.

Characteristics

There are many ways to tell if your firewood has been seasoned when you know what particular characteristics you are looking for:

  • Appearance: Seasoned wood is generally darker at the ends and will have clear splits due to the lack of moisture where as fresh wood is smooth and may even feel damp.
  • Sound: If you hit two fresh logs of wood together, they will make a deep ‘thud’ sounds whereas the result of the same movement with seasoned logs results in a hollow ‘clunk’ noise instead.
  • Weight: Due to the high levels of moisture, it is a no brainer that fresh firewood is considerably heavier than seasoned firewood.

Storing

If you want to season your own firewood then preparation is key. After all, the entire process can take up to a year and there is no magic button to speed it up. The logs should be placed on a rack that is above the ground as this will keep insects at bay and there should be a waterproof roof in order to prevent rain or snow moisture from increasing the seasoning length.

Whilst we are known for our role as coal merchants, the team here at Pearson Fuels are also familiar with firewood and kiln dried logs too. After all, we believe that is important to cater to as many clients as possible and we recognise that not every customer is going to use coal as their number one choice for fuel. In fact, all of our imported firewood comes from Latvia and Lithuania, which are two countries known for their heavily dense forests. To find out more information, get in contact with a member of the team today!

With more and more people looking to alternative ways to heat their home and their water, we get asked a lot of questions about what the best alternative option is.

Outdoor wood boiler

Although fairly rare in the UK, some people in harder to reach areas make great use of outdoor wood boilers. You can load them with large firewood, circumventing the need for cutting larger pieces into smaller quarters that other stoves demand.

The size of the firewood you can load into an outdoor boiler differs between models, but you can generally expect to be able to load larger firewood than normal.

By being outdoors, all of the waste associated with firewood is kept out of your home. When you heat your home with a wood burning stove, every time you go outside to bring firewood inside, pieces of bark, dust and possibly creepy crawlies will fall onto your floor. The ash from the fire itself also accumulates after your fire has burned down, which you will have to spend time cleaning up.

Even by storing firewood in your house, you don’t instantly put it in your stove, meaning any insects such as termites can live in your stockpile, find their way into the rest of your home, and cause expensive damage to the infrastructure of the building.

With the fire not actually being inside your house it is much safer in the event that anything goes wrong. If anything serious goes wrong with the unit then the fire will most likely catch on the boiler and not spread to your home.

A good home temperature is easy to maintain with an outdoor wood boiler as they come equipped with a thermostat. Heating your hoe this way will prevent the air from becoming dry and won’t cause any toxic fumes and smoke to be released into your home as you would with a stove.

Always source your firewood and coal from a certified coal merchants in Stockport.

To ensure that all coal suppliers adhered to high standards of quality, the Coal Trade Code was established in 1962. The code set the standards that all coal suppliers must adhere to, to be acknowledged as a bona-fide, certified coal merchant.

To be a certified coal merchant, a supplier must have the best quality coal available, must prepare and deliver the fuel to a high standard, adhere to strict Weight & Measures legislation, be able to offer advice on a number of different appliances, fuel types and safety and thoroughly investigate any customer complaints.

As there are legal controls that dictate the selling and delivery of solid fuels, it is important that you source your home coal from a certified merchant. But what are the guidelines that they must follow?

Weight

Solid fuel must always be sold by specific weight in kilograms. The scales that they use to weigh the fuel must be accurate, of an approved construction for retail sale use, and have a certain required markings and stamps on them.

Delivery

Fuel merchants either respond to specific orders from consumers or operate standard delivery rounds to regular customers. The fuel they sell must be sold in sacks of 25kg or multiples of 50kg; if they are delivering more than 110kg to one individual consumer, the buyer must be given a delivery note before the fuel can be unloaded.

The delivery note must contain:

  • Merchant’s name and address
  • Consumer’s name and address
  • Type of Fuel
  • Total net weight
  • Net weight in each sack
  • Number of sacks

The coal merchant’s delivery vehicle is required to display their name and address as well as a notice that states ‘all open sacks on this vehicle contain either 25kg or 50kg’.

Quality and Safety

Industry standards are put in place to ensure the quality of solid fuels, and experts can examine fuels and make sure that any descriptive terms applied are accurate. You can refer to the Solid Fuel Association (SFA) website for a number of documents on solid fuel.

If you are looking for a coal merchants in Stockport, then look no further than Pearson Fuels.