If you regularly use a stove or have an open fireplace in your home, it is important to stay vigilant when it comes to fire safety. After all, a fire is unpredictable, and it can be deadly if you fail to take precautions. Here at Pearson Fuels, we supply a variety of different fuels and we think it is our responsibility to ensure that our customers know how to stay safe. Read on as we go through three important things every homeowner should know…

Fuel Storage

Whether you choose to burn coal or firewood, it is important that you store your fuels safely and appropriately. In fact, it should be placed in a location where it cannot catch on fire accidentally. Most merchants recommend that you store coal outside in a coal bunker in order to keep it away from moisture, however fuels like firewood can be stored indoors or outdoors.

Maintenance

A stove needs to be maintained on a regular basis in order to ensure that it is in a safe enough condition to be used. In addition to this, you should also have you chimney swept regardless of whether you are a stove user or fireplace user as this reduces soot build up and ensures that dangerous gases are able to leave the home.

CO Detector

As the most difficult gas to detect, carbon monoxide (CO) is odourless, colourless and tasteless which means that it can cause a lot of damage if you don’t have a carbon monoxide detector installed in your home. In fact, CO poisoning can be fatal if it is not caught in time so ignoring the need for an alarm isn’t worth the risk.

The wrath of fire can be difficult to contain when it takes a hold of your home and that is why safety precautions are so important. In fact, it is vital that every fireplace and stove user has their chimney swept in order to reduce the risk of chimney fires. To find out more information, get in contact with the best coal merchants on the market and speak to a member of the Pearson Fuels team today!

 

There are many different types of firewood on the market that offer a wide range of advantages and disadvantages depending on the type of fire you are trying to achieve. With this said, moisture levels play a big role in firewood regardless of the species of tree you have opted for. After all, you cannot create an efficient fire if there is excess water in the logs. Read on as the Pearson Fuels team go over everything you need to know about kiln drying…

What is it?

Kiln drying is a process that is carried out in order to dry firewood and reduce the moisture levels down to a more suitable rate. After all, you can’t burn an efficient fire if there is too much moisture in the logs. It is done using something called a ‘kiln’ which reaches temperatures as high as 50°C in order to quickly remove moisture.

The Process

After trees are felled and taken to a lumber mill, they are debarked and sorted by species, size or use. After all, wood for flooring must be cut into boards before they are dried. After this, the wood destined to become firewood is cut into equal sizes before it is sent off for drying in a kiln. The wood is place inside in a way that optimises the process to ensure that the moisture levels are consistent. Interestingly, the ideal moisture level is 15%, however some kiln driers will try to reduce this down to 8%.

Benefits

Kiln drying operates at some incredibly hot temperatures which means that it will completely sterilise the wood and kill any microbes and insects that could put you at risk. After all, if you store your logs indoors, the last thing you want is an insect infestation! In addition to this, kiln drying is also an effective way to reduce the moisture levels in wood so that it can generate an efficient fire output.

Here at Pearson Fuels, we stock both kiln dried logs and imported firewood in order to appeal to wide variety of customer preferences. After all, we may be known as coal merchants but we know our fair share about firewood and logs too. If you have a budding question about the kiln drying process, get in contact with a member of the Pearson Fuels team today!

It is widely known that the combustion of coal also comes with a few nasty side effects for our planet. After all, fossil fuels have a high carbon content which is released into our atmosphere as carbon dioxide gas, where it contributes to global warming and gradually exacerbates pollution. Here at Pearson Fuels, we are not blind to the influence of coal. Thankfully, the government are tackling these issues so that we can reap the benefits of coal power without affecting the planet. Read on as we go over three important environmental concerns of coal and explain how the government is fighting them…

Pollution

The number one problem with coal power is that it contributes to a global pollution problem. After all, the fossil fuel releases several emissions during combustion including; sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxide, carbon dioxide, mercury and fly ash. All of these materials are damaging to the environment and contribute to global warming. In fact, the government were forced to introduce smoke control zones following The Great Smog of London as part of the Clean Air Act of 1956, which forced people to find alternatives to coal power in order to reduce pollution and make the air cleaner to breathe. As a result, families started to use something called smokeless coal, which is much more environmentally friendly. In fact, many of these smoke control zones are still in place as the government continues to promote clean air and smokeless coal is still considered an extremely effective alternative.

Acid Rain

As stated above, coal emits sulphur dioxide gas into the atmosphere when it is burned which is known to cause acid rain. Not only can this make breathing more difficult for asthma sufferers, it affects the environment too. For example, acid rain makes water acidic and therefore inhabitable for marine life and it also releases aluminium into the soil, which can cause stunted growth in trees by stealing essential nutrients. Thankfully, there are several methods that can remove or reduce the amount of sulphur present in coal. For example, washing coal before burning it removes pyritic sulphur and burning the fossil fuel in something known as a ‘Fluidised Bed Combustor’ can prevent sulphur dioxide from even forming. As a result, the damaging effects of acid rain that come from coal combustion are being controlled and reduced so we can enjoy our aesthetic winter fire without harming the planet.

Deforestation

In order for coal to be gathered, it has to be mined from deep within the earth. Sometimes there are abundant coal deposits under forests and the only way to retrieve them is to sacrifice the green area above. In fact, mountain top removal mining is thought to be the number one cause of deforestation associated with coal mining and, according to a 2010 investigation, this method has destroyed 6.8% of Appalachia’s forestry. Thankfully, coal mines now prioritise underground mining in order to protect the vital green space on the top. Plus, any land that was previously used for surface mining is reclaimed and re-purposed for use as airports and golf courses in order to ensure that it isn’t wasted.

When it comes to the planet, it is up to us to be the change we wish to see. After all, the environment can only withstand so much before the damage becomes irreparable. It is salient that the government are tackling the controversy of coal by reducing its effects on the planet so we are able to continue reaping its benefits without destroying our earth. Whilst coal is certainly becoming much more greener, we also stock smokeless coal for those who want to do their part for the environment. After all, coal like anthracite has less volatile materials, delivers an extremely efficient fire output and can be used even when you don’t live in a smoke control zone! To find out more information about the governments aim to make coal greener, get in contact with a member of the Pearson Fuels team today!

There’s nothing better than the authentic crackle of a real wood burning fire and settling in front of the stove with a hot chocolate on a cold winter evening. Here at Pearson Fuels, we stock a huge range of kiln-dried logs and imported firewood so that you can find the perfect fuel for all your wood burning stove needs. With this said, it is important to exercise caution and safety. Read on as we go through three important things to remember when you are using a wood burning stove…

Expert Installation

Whilst it is possible to self-install a wood burning stove, it is important that you ensure that everything is in place by consulting with an expert. After all, an incorrect or botched installation can result in poor ventilation and leave you inhaling dangerous gases like carbon dioxide every time you use your wood burning stove.

Supervise Children

Although a wood burning stove comes with a secure door in order to enclose the flames, the case of the stove itself can get incredibly hot as the fire burns, so it is important that children are supervised whenever they are around the fire. After all, the average stove unit can reach between 43 and 121 degrees Celsius and an injury under these circumstances can be life changing.

Precautions

Like any live fire in the home, it pays to be prepared. After all, carbon dioxide is not the only gas that you have to be wary of when you are using a wood burning stove. In fact, carbon monoxide (CO) is a highly poisonous gas that is created due to the incomplete combustion of carbon-based fuels like gas, coal and wood. As a result, you should always have a working carbon monoxide detector installed in your home.

Firewood is thought to be the most environmentally-friendly fuel source because the only carbon dioxide it releases is what the tree absorbed throughout its lifetime. Here at Pearson Fuels, we may be the best coal merchants around but our seasoned firewood and kiln dried logs are also the best on the market. After all, there’s no time like the present to start preparing for winter! To find out more information about fire safety, get in contact with a member of the Pearson Fuels team today.

As one of the most dangerous gases around, it is important that every fireplace user and stove owner is aware of the risks of carbon monoxide poisoning. After all, it is deadly and extremely difficult to detect. When it comes to awareness, statistics show that 10% of people do not have a carbon monoxide detector in their home. Here at Pearson Fuels, we recognise how dangerous this gas is which is why we are going to go over everything you need to know to stay safe…

An Invisible Hazard

Carbon monoxide (CO) is a dangerous gas because it is difficult to detect. In fact, it is known as an invisible hazard because it does not have an odour, colour or taste. This means that you could breathe it in for days before you start to show symptoms, giving it all the time it needs to cause serious damage to your body. When you breathe in CO, it displaces the oxygen in your blood in order to create carboxyhaemoglobin and this deprives vital organs like the heart and brain of the oxygen it needs to function. Luckily, CO poisoning can be reversed when it is caught in time.

Symptoms

As carbon monoxide is difficult to detect, it is important that you recognise the symptoms that occur with CO poisoning such as headaches, dizziness, nausea, breathlessness, collapsing or loss of consciousness. With this said, these symptoms are very similar to the flu and viral infections, so it is not uncommon for people to mistake carbon monoxide poisoning for a seasonal illness. As a result, you should pay attention to your symptoms; if they seem to disappear when you leave the house, it is more likely to be CO poisoning rather than a viral infection.

Chimney Maintenance

Carbon monoxide can be caused by many household appliances such as boilers, central heating systems and open fires/stoves that use fuels like gas, oil, coal and firewood. For homeowners that use the chimney, it is very important to ensure that you have a high-quality ventilation system in place in order to remove the toxic gases from your home. In fact, you should also ensure that you pay close attention to maintenance too as blocked flues and chimneys can stop CO leaving the home.

Carbon monoxide is created as a result of the incomplete combustion of carbon when fuels like coal and wood are burned in the home. That is why it is incredibly important to ensure that you have a high-quality ventilation system in place. Luckily, a functioning carbon monoxide detector can be a life saver. To ensure that you burn your fuel safely, you should always be wary of carbon monoxide and put the appropriate safety measures in place in order to prevent it. To find out more information, get in contact with the best coal merchants around and speak to the Pearson Fuels team today!

Coal is known as an un-renewable fuel source because our supplies are finite. After all, it took over 300 million years for the coal we use today to develop from the organic matter it once was. History places a huge emphasis on coal and actually credits the industrial revolution with kickstarting its popularity. Read on as the Pearson Fuels team go through key points in order to analyse the role of coal during the industrial revolution…

Increase of Demand

Before the 1700’s, Britain was producing coal in very limited quantities. In fact, coal pits were very small and the coal was only sold in local areas. Plus, coal mining was a very dangerous industry to work in and many workers would drown or suffocate on the job. This all changed when iron and steam were introduced as the demand for coal quickly soared. In fact, production increase by 50% between 1700 and 1750, and just a century later in 1850 when the industrial revolution was in full swing, the rate of increase soared by 500%!

Steam, Iron and Transport

Steam engines were used in locomotives, mills and factories during the industrial revolution, however they required a constant supply of coal which increased the demand for the fossil fuel even further. Interestingly, steam power was also used in coal mines in order to allow workers to dig deeper than ever before and gather more coal to sell for profit.

In addition to this, a form of processed coal known as coke was first used to smelt iron in 1709. Eventually, coal became the go-to material for iron smelting, which also contributed to its demand, with the two industries supporting one another. Interestingly, the iron smelting by coal was used to create tramways, which in turn allowed more coal to be moved easier and faster.

With coal on the rise, it was even more important that transport links were improved. The roads before 1750 were incredibly poor which meant that heavy loads were impossible to move. The coal industry had to rely on ships to take coal from port to port. During the industrial revolution, transport links improved considerably with the introduction of canals, however the beginning of the 19th century saw the first moving steam engine hit the tracks, which subsequently aided the coal industry by providing an easier way to transport large quantities of coal very quickly.

Economy

At first, coal was an expensive luxury, but the prices began to fall as it increased in demand. After all, it was a vital part of the iron and steel industries and homeowners who didn’t live near a forest in order to gather wood or create charcoal relied on it too. In addition to this, the coal industry also boosted the economy, producing 6% of British national income by 1900.

The experts suggest that our supply of coal is substantial enough to last another two centuries as long as we continue at the current rate of consumption. In fact, one could say that coal played such an important role in the industrial revolution that it also helped technology progress too. Here at Pearson Fuels, we have a wide range of house coal and smokeless coal that can be used in open fires and stoves alike. To find out more information about coal and its role in the industrial revolution, get in contact with the best coal merchants around and speak to a member of the Pearson Fuels team today!

In order to create an efficient fire, it is important that you invest time into choosing your fuel. After all, purchasing poor quality firewood will not only leave you out of pocket, it will leave you with unusable fuel for your fire. Here at Pearson Fuels, we want our clients’ fires to burn bright and beautifully which is why we have decided to go over some of the key characteristics of high-quality firewood…

Moisture

If firewood has a lot of water in it then it will not be able to hold a flame very well. That is why it is important to take moisture content into consideration when you are trying to identify high-quality firewood. As a general rule, heavier wood tends to have a higher moisture content, somewhere between 50%-70%. This means that you can spot firewood that has been correctly seasoned – a lengthy process used to remove moisture – by checking its weight. For best results, your firewood should have a moisture content between 20% and 25% and thus, be lightweight.

Appearance

Well-seasoned firewood is often light in colour and will have visible splitting marks through it which occur when the logs are starting to become scare of moisture. If you see firewood that is dark with a visible green tinge with bark that is difficult to peel, then it is a good indication that the wood is not in a suitable enough condition to burn yet.

Size

Firewood that has been correctly seasoned will have been pre-cut into sizes suitable for burning as this helps speed up the seasoning process. This means that you shouldn’t have to do anything to the firewood you purchase in order to make it suitable for burning. Always pay attention to the firewood you are inspecting as large sizes may not be completely seasoned.

When it comes to firewood, there is nothing more important than moisture content. After all, the percentage will determine how hot your fire burns and how bright its flames are. Here at Pearson Fuels, we have a wide range of kiln dried logs and important firewood to choose from that come with some of the lowest moisture contents around. Get in contact with the best coal merchants around to find out more information today!

Despite being less well known than house fuel alternatives, smokeless coal is said to provide a higher heat output and last 40% longer. It may come with a costly upfront fee but the benefits of smokeless coal can actually help stove users save more money in the long run. Read on as the Pearson Fuels team go through 3 reasons why you should consider swapping out your bituminous coal for smokeless alternatives…

Eco-Friendly

Burning smokeless fuel releases 80% less smoke into the atmosphere (hence the name) and produces 40% less carbon dioxide when it is burned. This means that it is a much more eco-friendly option that can help benefit the environment whilst ensuring that we still have good access to fuel sources. In fact, if we switch to smokeless coals that contain natural binders and materials, we can also successfully reduce our carbon footprint too.

Better Health

Many people are unaware that our reliance on coal as a house fuel could actually be contributing to things like hay fever, asthma and eczema. By switching to a smokeless alternative and ensuring that your home is correctly ventilated in order to remove any pollutants, you can do wonders for your health, and the environment. After all, smoke is a common cause of respiratory disorders!

Stove Approved

It is said that bituminous coal can be bad for your stove over a long period of time. After all, house coal can burn at incredibly hot temperatures and cause your stove to become clogged with soot very quickly, gradually reducing the efficiency of your stove. On the other hand, smokeless fuels are designed for stove use; allowing you to reap the benefits of a hot fire without suffering from irreparable stove damage in the process.

Here at Pearson Fuels, we have a wide range of smokeless coals for those who are looking to make the switch. After all, you don’t have to live in a smoke control zone to do your part for the environment, and your health, by opting for the more environmentally friendly fuel type! Get in contact with a member of the team to find out more information about smokeless coal today!

Many first time fireplace owners tend to underestimate the amount of work that is involved in the burning of fuels like coal and wooden logs. After all, it is important that you do your research in order to ensure that everybody stays safe. Here at Pearson Fuels, we have a wide range of fuels on offer, however we recognise the lack of information that is available when it comes to storing them which is why we have decided to go over the basics. Read on to find out more…

Coal

As the most popular type of house fuel, bituminous coal can be difficult to handle due to its soot residue. As a result, it is important to invest in an effective way to store it. Ideal locations include the garage, shed or outside in a coal bunker. Interestingly, coal can be stored in damp locations without being spoiled which means that is the easiest fuel to store. With this said, there is nothing wrong with covering your coal with a tarp to keep it dry as this will make it easier to light.

Un/Seasoned Logs

If you are seasoning your own logs then you need to store them in a crate that has a shelter and is mounted above the ground in order to prevent excess moisture from affecting the seasoning process. After all, it takes a long time and isn’t something you want to ruin. On the other hand, if you are purchasing pre-seasoned logs then you can store them indoors or outdoors as long as you are actively preventing moisture from compromising them.

Kiln Dried Logs

As one of the most difficult fuels to store, kiln dried logs require a lot of patience. After all, they can be difficult to handle. One of the most important things to watch out for is humidity as this makes the kiln drying of the logs counterproductive. Ideally, this fuel should be stored inside because it is too risky to store them outside where they can be compromised by rainfall.

Storing your fuel is a very important preservation as it influences the efficiency of your fire when you come to burn it. As the best coal merchants around, the Pearson Fuels team are the experts you can trust. After all, we have over 35 years in the coal business under our belts! To find out more information about your preferred type of fuel, get in contact with a member of the Pearson Fuels team today!

As the oldest form of coal, anthracite has spent a lot of time deep underground, subjected to intense pressure and heat over the course of hundreds of thousands of years. Here at Pearson Fuels, we have decided that this type of coal is incredibly misunderstood. After all, it has a lot of potential! Read on as we go over everything you need to know about anthracite and how its unique properties make it the cleanest form of coal around…

Characteristics

With an incredibly high carbon content between 80-95% and a sulphur and nitrogen content at less than 1%, anthracite is the most environmentally friendly coal around. it also has a moisture content of 15% or below and due to its high density, it burns very slowly and can be troublesome to light. In terms of availability, anthracite is a scare variation of coal because it was heavily mined during the 19th and 20th century. Plus, it is deep in the earth so the remaining supplies have become difficult to mine.

Uses

Due to its low volatile matter of 5%, anthracite is a great smokeless fuel to use in smoke control areas that aim to reduce pollution. In fact, it is very brittle so it produces an incredibly hot blue flame when it is burned without letting off as much smoke as bituminous alternatives. Plus, it can burn much longer than wood which makes it a very efficient and cost effective fuel source.

Unique

When anthracite is burned, it does not expand and fuse together in order to create a material known as ‘coke’. This means that is it considered a ‘free burning’ type of coal which is incredibly unique. In addition to this, anthracite has an impressive carbon content which can also be used in steel making by smelting together the fossil fuel with iron ore.

Known as ‘hard coal’, anthracite is the fossil fuel that people tend to forget about. After all, its shiny surface is overshadowed by the abundance of bituminous ‘house’ coal. Perhaps the best thing about anthracite is its low sulphur content which makes it incredibly clean-burning. In fact, we even stock it as a smokeless coal here at Pearson Fuels! To find out more information about anthracite, get in contact with a member of the team today!